Seminars & Trainings


52 Malaysian Questions Answered!

On March 19, 2024
Categories: Malaysia
Hits: 189



The benefits

  • Speakers Who Are Experienced construction industry practitioners
  • Comprehensive Seminar Notes
  • Live Questions & Answer Sessions
  • Reference to Malaysia Standard Forms of Contract


Who should attend

  • Anyone involved in the administration of construction contracts including Architects, Engineers, Quantity Surveyors, Contractors, Subcontractors, Principals, Lawyers, Government Bodies, Employers, Consultants, Project Managers, Suppliers, Planners / Schedulers


What participants have said about Charlton Martin Seminars

  • “Comprehensive seminar material”
  • “The Q & A sessions and case studies during the workshop were very practical and related to my work”
  • “The content and language used by the speakers was easy to understand and straight forward”
  • “Speakers interacted well with the participants”
  • “Practical knowledge that helps in my daily work”


CPD Credit Points

  • This seminar qualifies to meet the CPD requirements of the Construction Industry Development Board, Board of Quantity Surveyors Malaysia, Board of Architects Malaysia, Board of Engineers Malaysia and international professions
  • HRDF claimable
  • An e-certificate of attendance will be issued




    1. A subcontractor has accepted and signed a letter of award but at the same time he has struck out certain clauses with which he does not agree. If the main contractor has received such an amended letter of award and does not object, is the contract valid? Should the main contractor reply to the subcontractor stating that he does accept the deletion of the particular clauses?
    2. If an employer accepts a tenderer’s bid in totality, is it necessary for a subsequent letter of award to be formally accepted by the tenderer?
    3. If a tenderer refuses to accept an award, can the employer claim the extra cost for awarding the contract to another tenderer?
    4. An employer invited a contractor to tender for a construction contract on a lump sum basis. However, the tender drawings were incomplete and the contractor was expected to produce details within a limited time in order to submit an accurate and detailed price. What would be the contractor’s options under these circumstances?
    5. A contractor has failed to proceed regularly and diligently and it is obvious to the employer that the works will not be completed by the original completion date under the contract. This will result in losses being incurred by the employer. What are the options available to the employer to terminate the employment of the contractor at this stage and appoint another contractor to complete the works?
    6. If part of the work is omitted because the employer decides not to proceed with this omitted work at all and it is therefore not given to any other contractor, should the evaluation of the omitted work include for overheads and loss of profit arising from the omitted work?
    7. Can a contractor refuse to accept difficult work under the contract or variation work which will cause him to suffer a loss?
    8. Despite an item for the contractor to price for all temporary diversions of underground services, can the contractor make an extra claim for any temporary diversions which became necessary prior to the permanent diversion of underground services, due to site conditions or the required sequence of work that prevents permanently diversion work from being carried out at that point of time?
    9. Prior to issuing instructions for variations, can the employer request for variation cost estimates from the contractor? Is the contractor obliged to provide such estimates?
    10. The employer issues an instruction for an omission variation, stating the value of the omission within the instruction. If the contractor does not agree with the amount stated, what should he do? If the contractor remained silent would the parties be bound by the stated value later?
    11. Soon after the award of a contract, a substantial omission is instructed which comprises approximately 40% of the contract sum. What are the rights of the contractor under such circumstances?
    12. Can an instruction for additional work recorded in the minutes of meeting be considered to be a valid and sufficient form of an instruction in order for the contractor to claim variation work?
    13. Does a clause in a contract which states that an employer need not prove actual loss suffered from a contractor’s delay, adequately allow the employer to claim liquidated damages?
    14. Where the contractor applies for an extension of time and the employer does not respond, what are the rights of the contractor?
    15. A main contractor has appointed several subcontractors, each for a different trade. How should liquidated damages be distributed among them?
    16. The works has been delayed due to the contractor’s slow progress and no extension of time has beengranted leading to the employer eventually imposing liquidated damages. Can the contractor claim for variation of price for works carried out after the original contract completion date? Would the situation be different if the contractor were entitled to an extension of time?
    17. An employer consistently delays in making payment to the contractor. Eventually, payment in full is received by the contractor. However, as a consequence of persistent late payment there has been a delay in the work. At the end of the project, the contractor uses the reason of delay in receiving payment to claim for an extension of time. Is the contractor entitled to more time?
    18. If liquidated damages have reached the maximum sum stated in the contract and delay is still ongoing, what are the remedies available to the employer in this situation? Can the maximum percentage of liquidated damages be revised in this case?
    19. Does a stop-work order issued by a local authority entitle the contractor to an extension of time?
    20. If the main contractor has failed to complete the job within the agreed period, is it possible for the employer to take over the project and appoint a third party contractor to finish the job without going as far as to terminate the main contractor’s employment? Is it also possible for the main contractor to claim loss and expense from the employer?
    21. In the event that an Extension of Time (EOT) has been granted due to a delay by an electrical utility company in supplying permanent power for energisation and testing & commissioning of M & E services, can the main contractor claim against the employer loss and expense arising from the delay?
    22. Can the employer impose liquidated damages and loss and expense claims on the main contractor if the main contractor is late in facilitating the issuance of a certificate of completion and compliance (CCC)?
    23. Can the superintending officer grant an extension of time if the contractor fails to apply for an extension of time before the completion date?
    24. When claiming loss & expense arising from prolongation due to delay by an employer’s variations, can a contractor claim on behalf of his subcontractor who has also incurred additional cost due to the prolongation?
    25. Can loss & expense claims be settled by a pro-rata of preliminaries prices applied to the period of extension of time granted?
    26. Where there has been an unexpected increase in the price of construction materials, can the contractor apply for revised contract rates and also apply for an extension of time?
    27. Although a final claim was submitted by the main contractor within six months after practical completion, no final certificate has been issued after the period of final measurement & valuation but the certificate of making good defects has been issued. What remedies does the main contractor have in such a situation?
    28. What is the consequence of a contractor refusing to sign a final account? Can the employer consider the account agreed after several reminders and attempts to reach an agreement have been unsuccessful?
    29. If the contractor’s defective work turns out to be too costly to rectify, can the employer opt not to pay the contractor instead for the defective work?
    30. Does a contractor have an implied duty to warn of defective design carried out by consultants where the contractor is not responsible for the design of the works? In the case of a contractor who constructs according to the engineer’s design without raising any queries on the design and as a result the completed works has to be demolished and rebuilt due to the defective design, is the employer obliged to pay for the completed yet defective works?
    31. If an instruction is issued by the superintending officer after the contractual completion date and when the works have not been completed yet before the certificate of practical completion is issued, does this mean that the time is at large? If not, would the employer have the right to impose liquidated damages claim if the delay were caused by the contractor?
    32. Where the works have been completed, but defects are present within the works and the defects liability period has expired, is the employer obliged to give the contractor an opportunity to the rectify defects?
    33. If an electrical utility company does not provide a main power supply for its substation energisation to allow the full commissioning of M&E works within a stipulated time for the main contractor to achieve practical completion of the works, can the main contractor claim an extension of time?
    34. Can a partial practical completion certificate be issued to a contractor if there is still a small portion of outstanding work due to the fact that the contractor has been prevented from completing the project due to a site possession problem? What other options does the employer have in this situation?
    35. How long can the superintending office hold back the issuance of a certificate of practical completion?
    36. Can a certificate of completion and compliance (CCC) be issued before a certificate of practical completion?
    37. Since there is legislation in Malaysia giving the employer the right to claim for defect rectification costs for a period of 6 years being damages from a breach of contract, what is the purpose of having a “defect liability period” under the contract?
    38. Under a design and build contract, the contractor has misinterpreted the employer’s requirements during tendering. The contractor’s submitted tender has been nevertheless accepted and he has been awarded the contract. No clarifications have been sought from the employer during tender clarification meetings. Can the contractor claim:
      1.  Additional costs for additional work due to their misinterpretation of tender documents?
      2.  Claim for an extension of time and loss and expense resulting from the additional work?
    39. A design & build contractor has carried out value engineering which results in a subcontractor’s subcontract scope of work and subcontract sum being reduced considerably. Can the subcontrac- tor claim for loss of profit as a result of this change?
    40. Can a main contractor make deductions or set off against certified sums due to a subcontractor for which the main contractor has already received payment on the basis that the subcontractor’s work is defective?
    41. Can the employer sue an architect for professional negligence in the event that an arbitration award determines a different practical completion date than that certified by the architect?
    42. In a situation where the employer has not handed over the entire site for the works and the contractor does not want to mobilize all the machinery unless there are sufficient areas to work, can the employer later claim that the contractor is not working diligently due to a lack of plant & machinery?
    43. Can the employer deduct from certified amounts due to the contractor an amount to cover a contingent liability, arising from a possible third party claim for which the employer believes the contractor is responsible?
    44. Under certain conditions of contract, in the event that the nominated subcontractor fails to perform the works and is terminated, the main contractor is obliged under the main contract to complete the nominated subcontractor’s work at the nominated subcontract price. What recourse does the main contractor have if he discovers that the price awarded to the NSC is very low and he will incur a loss by completing the nominated subcontractor’s work?
    45. A contractor enters into a design & build contract with an employer where the employer provided certain specifications as the basis for the contractor to develop and complete the design. The employer’s specifications are found to contain errors causing extra cost to the contractor because the contractor is obliged under the contract to ensure that the plant is fit for its intended purpose. Can the additional cost incurred by the contractor due to the errors in the employer’s specification be claimed from the employer in circumstances where the contractor has an overriding responsibility for the design of the works?
    46. During suspension of a project because of payment issues, how should assessment of idling time during this period be quantified? Is the employer liable to pay for the full work force of the contractor during the period of suspension or a minimum work force? How should claimed demobilization and remobilization costs be dealt with?
    47. The superintending officer has included a statement on an extension of time certificate to the effect that loss & expense cannot be claimed as a condition of granting the extension of time recognised. Is such a certificate valid and what are the contractor’s options?
    48. A contractor increases his resources without an instruction from the superintending officer in circumstances where he has been delayed and is entitled to an extension of time. The contractor has demonstrated that additional resources are required to complete by the original completion date and the superintending officer acknowledges this fact. The works are completed by the original completion date as a result of the additional resources. The contractor then claims for the cost of the additional resources as an acceleration cost. Is he entitled to be paid?
    49. A contractor makes a payment claim under the Construction Industry Payment and Adjudication Act (CIPAA) for work done and materials on site. The employer does not issue a payment response. The employer later claims the non-payment to be justified due to defective work and delay on the part of the contractor. Should these defenses be taken into account by the adjudicator?
    50. Is there any limitation on what constitutes construction work under a construction contract for the purposes of bringing a claim for payment under CIPAA?
    51. Does an adjudicator who communicates with one party without disclosing the details of the communication to the other party risk his Adjudication Decision being nullified by the courts?
    52. Due to the relatively short time scale involved, it has been argued that CIPAA adjudication should not be used in complex cases, as it is likely to result in a breach of natural justice; is this correct?



08:30 – 09:05: Registration & Introduction
09:05 – 09:55: Session 1
09:55 – 10:45: Session 2
10:45 – 11:05: Break
11:05 – 12:00: Session 3
12:00 – 12:30: Questions & Discussion
12:30 – 14:00: Lunch
14:00 – 14:45: Session 4
14:45 – 15:30: Session 5
15:30 – 15:45: Afternoon Break
15:45 – 16:30: Session 6
16:30 – 17:00: Questions & Discussion
17:00: Close



Early Bird Registration with full payment by 19 February 2024 - RM 1,150 per person

1 - 3 participants - RM 1,300.00 per person

4 - 10 participants - RM 1,200.00 per person

For registration of more than 10 pax, please call Nadia / Sheila K for special rates at Tel: 603 2287 5175 or email This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.


The fee includes lunch, coffee/tea breaks and seminar notes

*The seminar fee payable is inclusive of Sales & Service Tax





BSc, LLB(Hons), MSc, MRICS, FCIArb, FMIArb, FSIArb, FMSAdj
Rodney is the Chief Executive of the Charlton Martin Group, having previously been employed as Group Regional Director and Senior Vice President of two major contracts consultancy groups in the Asia Pacific Region.  Of his 37 years of experience, 26 have been at senior level in this region.  Additionally, Rodney has worked for many clients in Europe, Africa, the Middle East and India.  Rodney holds dual qualifications in quantity surveying and law and as a chartered quantity surveyor is a specialist in construction contract consultancy providing professional and technical advice to clients relating to contract documentation, contractual claims, dispute avoidance and resolution.  He is an accredited mediator, panel arbitrator and panel adjudicator with the Asian International Arbitration Centre and is an experienced speaker within the region.  He is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators as well as both the Malaysian and Singapore Institute of Arbitrators.  Rodney has been appointed as Expert Witness on matters relating to quantum and delay and has acted as lay advocate in arbitration proceedings.  Rodney has also been appointed as an arbitrator, mediator, adjudicator and dispute adjudication board member in Malaysia.  He has lived and worked in Kuala Lumpur since 1997.


BSc(Hons), LLB(Hons), Dip. Int. Arb., FCIArb, FMSAdj, MRISM, Reg.QS
John is a Director of Charlton Martin Consultants Sdn Bhd. John holds dual qualifications in quantity surveying and law, is a Fellow of the Chartered Institute of Arbitrators, a Fellow of the Malaysian Society of Adjudicator, a Certified Adjudicator under Asian International Arbitration Centre (AIAC), a Registered Quantity Surveyor with the Board of Quantity Surveyors Malaysia and a Member of The Royal Institution of Surveyors Malaysia. John is a committee member of the Society of Construction Law Malaysia. John is a Panel Arbitrator and Adjudicator with AIAC.  In year 1996, John begun his career in quantity surveying and since year 1999, John has specialised in construction contract claims and dispute resolution. In his past employment from 1999-2007, John was trained by a seasoned construction lawyer in arbitration counsel work and interpreting contracts pursuant to canons of construction. John's all-round experience as a Quantity Surveyor, Claims Specialist, and Arbitration Counsel give him an added perspective in excelling in his present roles as an Adjudicator, Arbitrator and Expert Witness in CIPAA/arbitration/court proceedings.  Since year 2007, John has been an articulate speaker at seminars on construction claims in Malaysia. Apart from Malaysia, John’s project experience covers Asia, Mexico, Algeria and the Middle East.


BSc(Hons), PGDip, MSc, MBA, MSc, MRICS, MCIOB, MRISM, ICEACA, Reg.QS, Chartered Construction Manager
Shawn is a well-qualified multi-disciplinary professional with over 35 years of experience in construction, engineering, energy and infrastructure projects. His experience on large scale projects covers many sectors, executed under various contractual arrangements, inter alia, Traditional Contracts, Management Contracting, Construction Management, Design & Build, Turnkey, BOT, PFI and PPP. Shawn specialises in the provision of dispute related services, having previously been employed in two major contract consultancy groups and as senior commercial manager of a large multi-national company where he headed the commercial and risk division, managing and directing operation resources, oversees contract administration, arbitration, adjudication, and other legal matters. The combination of his technical, quantity surveying, project management, IT, law and business administration skills enables him to assist clients in a broad range of issues and maximising the prospects of success in a cost-effective manner. He counsels employers, contractors and subcontractors in commercial, retail, office, residential, civil engineering, industrial park, power plants and airport projects and was recognised for his ability to effectively resolve complex and difficult commercial and contractual matters.


CHARLTON MARTIN – Construction Contracts Consultants
Michael Charlton and Rodney Martin have worked together successfully for more than two decades, the majority of which have been as Chairman and CEO of the Charlton Martin Group. The Charlton Martin Group was established in 2007 with practices in Hong Kong, Singapore and Malaysia, providing services to the construction industry on contractual matters and contract administration; claims preparation; training and seminars; mediation; adjudication and arbitration services; litigation support and expert witness services. The Group is renowned for bringing high standards of integrity and professionalism to the work undertaken in each location.


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